The impact of the curing process on the efflorescence and mechanical properties of basalt fibre reinforced fly ash-based geopolymer composites

Kinga Korniejenko, Dariusz Mierzwiński, Roland Szabó, Nóra Papné Halyag, Petr Louda, Eythor Rafn Thorhallsson, Gábor Mucsi, T. Zdeb, T. Tracz, K. Mróz
2020 MATEC Web of Conferences  
Efflorescence is one of the limitations of the widespread use of geopolymers. This problem is caused by excess unreacted sodium oxide remaining inside materials. Unreacted sodium oxide creates white efflorescence on the surface of the produced material in the form of sodium carbonate heptahydrate Na2CO3∙ 7H2O. It decreases not only the aesthetic value of the final products, but also the mechanical properties of the material. The aim of this article is to analyse the influence of the curing
more » ... of the curing method on the appearance of efflorescence on geopolymer composites reinforced by short basalt, especially on mechanical properties. Class F fly ash from the 'Skawina' coal-fired power plant (located in Skawina, Lesser Poland, Poland) was used as raw material for the geopolymerization process. The article compares two methods of curing: typical laboratory conditions (in the air) and samples submerged in water. Three series of fly ash-based geopolymer were cast: basalt fibres were added as 1% and 2% by weight of fly ash and one control series without any fibres. The investigation was performed using visual analysis, including microstructure investigation, and the testing of mechanical properties (compressive strength at ambient temperature) after 28 days.
doi:10.1051/matecconf/202032201004 fatcat:ukbuncyjubat7bx6mzsoxmmxam