Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Bloodstream Infection at A Tertiary Referral Hospital For Children [post]

Joycelyn Assimeng Dame, Natalie Beylis, James Nuttall, Brian Eley
2020 unpublished
Background: This study describes the disease burden, clinical characteristics, antibiotic management, impact of multidrug resistance and outcome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infection (PABSI) among children admitted to a tertiary referral hospital for children in Cape Town, South Africa.Methods: A retrospective descriptive cohort study was conducted at a paediatric referral hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. Demographic and clinical details, antibiotic management and patient outcome
more » ... nd patient outcome information were extracted from medical and laboratory records. Antibiotic susceptibility results of identified organisms were obtained from the National Health Laboratory Service database.Results: The overall incidence risk of PABSI was 5.4 PABSI episodes / 10,000 hospital admissions and the most common presenting feature was respiratory distress, 34/91 (37.4%). Overall, 69/91 (75.8%) of the PA isolates were susceptible to all antipseudomonal antibiotic classes evaluated. Fifty (54.9%) of the PABSI episodes were treated with appropriate empiric antibiotic therapy. The mortality rate was 24.2% and in multivariable analysis, empiric antibiotic therapy to which PA isolates were not susceptible, infections present on admission, and not being in the intensive care unit at the time that PABSI was diagnosed were significantly associated with 14-day mortality.Conclusions: The study provided insight into factors associated with PABSI in a tertiary hospital in Sub-Saharan Africa. Empiric antipseudomonal antibiotic therapy was associated with a decrease in 14-day mortality.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-40896/v1 fatcat:itqbdlqvmrhstebx63xipw5tpq