Principal points and elliptical distributions from the multivariate setting to the functional case

Juan Lucas Bali, Graciela Boente
2009 Statistics and Probability Letters  
The k principal points of a random vector X are defined as a set of points which minimize the expected squared distance between X and the nearest point in the set. They are thoroughly studied in Flury (1990, 1993), Tarpey (1995) and Tarpey, Li and Flury (1995). For their treatment, the examination is usually restricted to the family of elliptical distributions. In this paper, we present an extension of the previous results to the functional elliptical distribution case, i.e., when dealing with
more » ... andom elements over a separable Hilbert space H. Principal points for gaussian processes were defined in Tarpey and Kinateder (2003). In this paper, we generalize the concepts of principal points, self-consistent points and elliptical distributions so as to fit them in this functional framework. Results linking self-consistency and the eigenvectors of the covariance operator are re-obtained in this new setting as well as an explicit formula for the k=2 case so as to include elliptically distributed random elements in H.
doi:10.1016/j.spl.2009.05.016 fatcat:erlropmyzfe67kulqflkbnydpm