Moduli Spaces of Abelian Differentials: The Principal Boundary, Counting Problems and the Siegel--Veech Constants [article]

Alex Eskin, Howard Masur, Anton Zorich
2004 arXiv   pre-print
A holomorphic 1-form on a compact Riemann surface S naturally defines a flat metric on S with cone-type singularities. We present the following surprising phenomenon: having found a geodesic segment (saddle connection) joining a pair of conical points one can find with a nonzero probability another saddle connection on S having the same direction and the same length as the initial one. The similar phenomenon is valid for the families of parallel closed geodesics. We give a complete description
more » ... f all possible configurations of parallel saddle connections (and of families of parallel closed geodesics) which might be found on a generic flat surface S. We count the number of saddle connections of length less than L on a generic flat surface S; we also count the number of admissible configurations of pairs (triples,...) of saddle connections; we count the analogous numbers of configurations of families of closed geodesics. By the previous result of A.Eskin and H.Masur these numbers have quadratic asymptotics with respect to L. Here we explicitly compute the constant in this quqadratic asymptotics for a configuration of every type. The constant is found from a Siegel--Veech formula. To perform this computation we elaborate the detailed description of the principal part of the boundary of the moduli space of holomorphic 1-forms and we find the numerical value of the normalized volume of the tubular neighborhood of the boundary. We use this for evaluation of integrals over the moduli space.
arXiv:math/0202134v2 fatcat:f2kdbq6yv5dfhbequeygt5qmjy