Clinical Scoring for Prediction of Acute Kidney Injury in Patients with Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction after Emergency Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Akaphol Kaladee, Phichayut Phinyo, Thamarath Chantadansuwan, Jayanton Patumanond, Boonying Siribumrungwong
2021 Journal of Clinical Medicine  
Acute kidney injury (AKI) after a coronary intervention is common in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Several scores have been developed to predict post-procedural AKI over the years. However, the AKI definitions have also evolved, which causes the definitions used in the past to be obsolete. We aimed to develop a prediction score for AKI in patients with STEMI requiring emergency primary percutaneous
more » ... onary intervention (pPCI). This study was based on a retrospective cohort of Thai patients with STEMI who underwent pPCI at the Central Chest Institute of Thailand from December 2014 to September 2019. AKI was defined as an increase in serum creatinine of at least 0.3 mg/dL from baseline within 48 h after pPCI. Logistic regression was used for modeling. A total of 1617 patients were included. Of these, 195 patients had AKI (12.1%). Eight significant predictors were identified: age, baseline creatinine, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40%, multi-vessel pPCI, treated with thrombus aspiration, inserted intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), pre- and intra-procedural cardiogenic shock, and congestive heart failure. The score showed an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.78 (95% CI 0.75, 0.82) and was well-calibrated. The pPCI-AKI score showed an acceptable predictive performance and was potentially useful to help interventionists stratify the patients and provide optimal preventive management.
doi:10.3390/jcm10153402 fatcat:4rodzilh65b3xiu3pod6ueht54