Uso de drogas inyectables y VIH en Rosario (Argentina). Fundamentos para la reducción de daños

Silvia Inchaurraga, P. Siri
1998 Adicciones  
Injecting drug use (IDU) is widespread in the city of Rosario in Argentina. For more than a decade, the shared use of injection equipment has been the factor responsible for contagion in more than half the cases of HIV registered in Rosario. Objectives: To carry out an approach to the evaluation of the situation in injecting drug use and its consequences within the methodological framework of RAR (an evaluation and rapid response method) recommended by the WHO in order to focus health policies
more » ... us health policies on interventions in drug dependency in the city. Material and methods: The study includes prior or related epidemiological studies, surveys using direct methods (consultants) and indirect (network sample), direct interviews with consultants and triangulation of the information. Results: The IDU is a frequent phenomenon in our environment and it has been estimated that more than 3,000 people could have contracted HIV by this means in Rosario since the commencement of the epidemic. 100% use cocaine, a minority use opiates. Using network sampling, data was collected on 170 intravenous drug users, 63% of whom were HIV(+), 70% shared injection equipment, 89% of this group were not undergoing any treatment for their addiction and 13% were under 20 years of age. Only 20% of the IDU/HIV(+) undertook any monitoring and treatment of their infection. Conclusions: Although there must be more in-depth studies and urgent interventions made in this group as soon as possible, both the official data and the exploratory research enable us to emphasise the importance of harm reduction strategies. Although there is resistance to these in the official drug policies, we are beginning to implement them from our Advanced Studies in drug dependency and AIDS Centre of the Rosario National University, and our drug dependents Assistance Service in the Agudo Avila Mental Health Regional Centre. Enviar correspondencia a: Silvia Inchaurraga sinchaur@agatha.unr.edu.ar ADICCIONES, 1999 • VOL.11 NÚM. 4 • PÁGS. 403/409 403 sección latinoamericana * La versión completa original del estudio al que hace referencia el presente artículo fue presentada en la X International Conference on Drug Related Harm, Ginebra, Suiza, 21 -25 de Marzo de 1999, bajo el título "Epidemiologic Profile of Drug Addiction on IDU population in Rosario City, Argentina. First approach in the use of Rapid Assessment Methods (IDU-RAR)" Inchaurraga, S.; Siri P.
doi:10.20882/adicciones.618 fatcat:nrinuyf2m5alvfxt6slkzjbllm