C. Ma, F. Pan, F. Wu, H. H. Nguyen, L. Laslett, T. Winzenberg, G. Jones
2020 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases  
Background:Weight, dietary patterns, vitamin D, physical activity and grip strength have been suggested to be associated with bone loss in older adults. However, studies have yet been performed to investigate the associations between these factors and radial bone microarchitecture.Objectives:This study aimed to describe the associations of weight, dietary patterns, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations, physical activity and grip strength with bone measures in older
more » ... ross-sectional data on 201 older adults (mean age 72 years, female 46%) from a population-based cohort study were analysed. Weight, dietary patterns, serum 25(OH)D concentrations, physical activity (steps per day), grip strength were collected and analysed from baseline to 10-year follow-up. Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) at spine, hip and whole body were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Radial cortical and trabecular bone microarchitectures were measured by high-resolution peripheral computed tomography (HRpQCT). Multivariable linear regression was used to analyse associations of study factors with bone measures.Results:Weight was positively associated with radial bone area (total: β=0.18, 95% CI: 0.07, 0.29; cortical: β=0.12, 95% CI: 0.03, 0.21; trabecular: β=0.18, 95% CI: 0.05, 0.32), and was inversely associated with compact cortical volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) (β= -0.19, 95% CI: -0.37, -0.01) and trabecular thickness (β= -0.25, 95% CI: -0.43, -0.07). Ten-year changes in weight were not significantly associated with bone measures, apart from radial trabecular separation (β= 0.15, 95%CI: 0.009, 0.28). Western dietary pattern scores were inversely associated with radial vBMD (total: β= -0.17, 95% CI: -0.32, -0.01; cortical: β= -0.19, 95% CI: -0.34, -0.04; compact cortical: β= -0.19, 95% CI: -0.34, -0.04; outer transitional zone: β= -0.20, 95% CI: -0.35, -0.06), and were positively associated with cortical porosity (cortical: β= 0.18, 95% CI: 0.03, 0.33; compact cortical: β= 0.19, 95% CI: 0.04, 0.34; outer transitional zone: β= 0.20, 95% CI: 0.06, 0.35). Steps per day were not significantly associated with bone measures, apart from inner transitional zone area and thickness (β= 0.12, 95% CI: 0.003, 0.24; β= 0.19, 95% CI: 0.05, 0.33). Healthy food pattern scores, serum 25(OH)D and grip strength were not significantly associated with radial HRpQCT measures.Conclusion:Higher weight, but not weight change, was beneficial for radial cortical and trabecular bone area but also associated with worse compact cortical vBMD and trabecular thickness. Higher western dietary pattern scores had adverse effects on radial vBMD and cortical porosity while physical activity had inconsistent associations.Disclosure of Interests:None declared
doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2020-eular.2262 fatcat:b4pk4nphrrezhdoosx6qmoljam