Minimal noise subsystems

Xiaoting Wang, Mark Byrd, Kurt Jacobs
2016 Physical Review Letters  
The existence of a decoherence-free subspace/subsystem (DFS) requires that the noise possesses a symmetry. In this work we consider noise models in which perturbations break this symmetry, so that the DFS for the unperturbed model experiences noise. We ask whether in this case there exist subspaces/subsystems that have less noise than the original DFS. We develop a numerical method to search for such minimal noise subsystems and apply it to a number of examples. For the examples we examine, we
more » ... les we examine, we find that if the perturbation is local noise then there is no better subspace/subsystem than the original DFS. We also show that if the noise model remains collective, but is perturbed in a way that breaks the symmetry, then the minimal noise subsystem is distinct from the original DFS, and improves upon it.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.116.090404 pmid:26991160 fatcat:2whizoy65vbu3gysbm7d5utwmy