Parkinson's Disease Psychosis—A Symptom Complex Signaling Risk for Increased Disability and Caregiver Burden

Stuart H Isaacson
2015 US Neurology  
Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP) occurs frequently in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and involves a spectrum of symptoms, from mild hallucinations to those that are more disruptive, as well as delusions, particularly around spousal infidelity and theft of money or possessions. Risk factors for PDP include dopaminergic (and other) medications, cognitive disorders, sleep disorders, and duration of PD. Emerging evidence suggests that PDP also reflects underlying PD pathology. Routine
more » ... thology. Routine querying of major PDP symptoms can hasten recognition and allow earlier diagnosis of PDP. Mild hallucinations with retained insight are frequent and may be tolerable by patients and caregivers, but symptoms that can be considered as psychosis will typically increase in frequency and severity. Increasing PDP results in patient distress, increased caregiver burden, and is a leading cause of long-term nursing home placement. PDP has also been associated with an increased risk for morbidity and mortality. Ongoing research into the prevalence, risk factors, phenomenology, pathophysiology, and emerging pharmacotherapy for PDP provides hope for improved diagnosis and management of PDP.
doi:10.17925/usn.2015.11.01.23 fatcat:54ujcl2fwnggpo3l6uao4jinny