An Improved Form of 2D SPH Method for Modeling the Excavation Damage of Tunnels Containing Random Fissures

Xuhua Ren, Shuyang Yu, Jixun Zhang, Haijun Wang, Zhaohua Sun, José Luis Pastor
2021 Geofluids  
The excavation damage of deep tunnels is one of the most important factors contributing to the failure of tunnel structures. In order to investigate the influence of tunnel shapes and fissure geometries, the kernel function in the traditional SPH method has been improved, which can realize the brittle fracture characteristics of particles and can be called the Improved Kernel of Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (IKSPH-2D). Meanwhile, the random fissure generation method in IKSPH has been put
more » ... ard. Different tunnel shapes, fissure geometries, and locations are considered during the simulation of tunnel excavation, and results show that (1) the typical "V"-shaped shear damage zones appear after the tunnel excavation, which is consistent with engineering practice. Meanwhile, tunnel excavation also has an "activating" effect on the preexisting fissures. (2) The stability of circular-shaped tunnel is the best, while horseshoe shaped tunnel is worse, and the "U"-shaped tunnel is the worst. (3) Fissures with small and large dip angles have the greatest influence on the stability of tunnel excavation. With the increase of fissure numbers and lengths, the tunnel tends to be instable. (4) The IKSPH method gets free from traditional grids in FEM, which can dynamically reflect the fracture processes of tunnel excavation. Meanwhile, developing 3D IKSPH parallel program will be the future directions.
doi:10.1155/2021/5719171 fatcat:zrhfffx6nfhfnge5btsih2eixu