Theoretical and Methodological Foundations for Studies of Interrelations between Recreation and Natural Environment in Suburban Zones

Alicja Krzymowska-Kostrowicka
1988 Miscellanea Geographica: Regional Studies on Development  
One of the fundamental factors shaping natural environment in suburban zones is broadly conceived recreation. The mass toursim and recreation movement encompassing a wide range of various forms of leisure, having different intensity and duration time, cause on the one hand downgrading of the state of nature, but, on the other hand, protect nature's values. This duality of influence exerted on nature by recreation causes that this form of human activity conduccted within nature should be a
more » ... e should be a subject of especially thorough studies, particularly for the areas of high concentration of tourism-and-recreation movement, such as. for instance, suburban zones. It is in the zones that does appear the phenonenon of accumulation of many functions, both economic and social, which collide in a variety of ways, these collisions influencing the efficiency of functioning of the whole suburban spatial setting. Thus the possibilities of recreation for the inhabitants are limited and, ultimately, recreation functions are concentrated within definite, relatively small areas. The result is local overcongestion of recreating people, leading to environmental disruption and lowering the effectiveness of thus realized recreation. In this situation it becomes essential to recognize precisely, on the basis of maximally objective scientific foundations, the resources and the value of environment, and therefore its resilience, carrying capacity, attractiveness and other important features. Natural environment gains increasing importance in terms of the types of recreational resources. It is only natural environment that can provide adequate conditions for the appropriate restitution of physical and psychological forces of a human being. Simultaneously, population growth, spatial spread of urban areas, as well as agriculture and forest economy conducted in a non-rational manner cause continuous decrease of the areas fit for recreational use. The fundamental spatial-typological unit of geographical environment is landscape, that is, a set of elementary settings of lower order mutually interrelated functionally and therefore mutually dependent, (see A. Richling
doi:10.2478/mgrsd-1988-030124 fatcat:b6ec56norvgqdhg4hsl4cbuhs4