A SINE-VNTR-Alu in the LRIG2 Promoter Is Associated with Gene Expression at the Locus
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
The hominid SINE-VNTR-Alu (SVA) retrotransposons represent a repertoire of genomic variation which could have significant effects on genome function. A human-specific SVA in the promoter region of the gene leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains 2 (LRIG2), which we termed SVA_LRIG2, is a common retrotransposon insertion polymorphism (RIP), defined as an element which is polymorphic for its presence or absence in the genome. We hypothesised that this RIP might be associated with
... associated with differential levels of expression of LRIG2. The RIP genotype of SVA_LRIG2 was determined in a subset of frontal cortex DNA samples from the North American Brain Expression Consortium (NABEC) cohort and was imputed for a larger set of that cohort. Utilising available frontal cortex total RNA-seq and CpG methylation data for this cohort, we observed that increased allele dosage of SVA_LRIG2 was non-significantly associated with a decrease in transcription from the region and significantly associated with increased methylation of the CpG probe nearest to SVA_LRIG2, i.e., SVA_LRIG2 is a significant methylation quantitative trait loci (mQTL) at the LRIG2 locus. These data are consistent with SVA_LRIG2 being a transcriptional regulator, which in part may involve epigenetic modulation.