Protein–Protein Modeling Using Cryo-EM Restraints [chapter]

Mikael Trellet, Gydo van Zundert, Alexandre M. J. J. Bonvin
2020 Msphere  
Recent improvements in cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) in the past few years are now allowing to observe molecular complexes at atomic resolution. As a consequence, numerous structures derived from cryo-EM are now available in the Protein Data Bank. However, if for some complexes atomic resolution is reached, this is not true for all. This is also the case in cryo-electron tomography where the achievable resolution is still limited. Furthermore the resolution in a cryo-EM map is not a
more » ... t, with often outer regions being of lower resolution, possibly linked to conformational variability. Although those low- to medium-resolution EM maps (or regions thereof) cannot directly provide atomic structure of large molecular complexes, they provide valuable information to model the individual components and their assembly into them. Most approaches for this kind of modeling are performing rigid fitting of the individual components into the EM density map. While this would appear an obvious option, they ignore key aspects of molecular recognition, the energetics and flexibility of the interfaces. Moreover, this often restricts the modeling to a unique source of data, the EM density map.In this chapter, we describe a protocol where an EM map is used as restraint in HADDOCK to guide the modeling process. In the first step, rigid-body fitting is performed with PowerFit in order to identify the most likely locations of the molecules into the map. These are then used as centroids to which distance restraints are defined from the center of mass of the components of the complex for the initial rigid-body docking. The EM density is then directly used as an additional restraint energy term, which can be combined with all the other types of data supported by HADDOCK. This protocol relies on the new version 2.4 of both the HADDOCK webserver and software. Preparation steps consisting of cropping the EM map and rigid-body fitting of the atomic structure are explained. Then, the EM-driven docking protocol using HADDOCK is illustrated.
doi:10.1007/978-1-0716-0270-6_11 pmid:32006284 fatcat:7mxixdn2jndh3eujigm4w2tj3y