Ion Selectivity Mechanism of Escherichia Coli OmpF Porin: a Molecular Dynamics Simulation/ free Energy Calculation Study

Yasuhiro MATSUURA, Ichiro YAMATO, Tadashi ANDO, Atsushi SUENAGA
2014 Journal of Computer Chemistry, Japan  
ompF porin is one of the major components of the outer membrane proteins in Escherichia coli, and it facilitates the transport of small hydrophilic molecules across the outer membrane. the conductance values of various alkali metal ions for ompF porin show a trend of Li + < na + < K + < rb + ~ Cs + (C. danelon, a. suenaga, M. Winterhalter, and I. Yamato, Molecular origin of the cation selectivity in ompF porin: single channel conductances vs. free energy calculation. Biophysical chemistry 104
more » ... 003) 591-603.) on the other hand, permeability ratios of the alkali metal ions to chloride anions, estimated by zero-current membrane potential measurements, show an opposite trend at low salt concentrations, that is, Li + > na + > K + > rb + > Cs + , meaning that the protein has a small cation selectivity. In order to elucidate the physico-chemical mechanisms responsible for the conductance and selectivity of ompF porin, we performed all-atom molecular dynamics (Md)/free energy calculations of the protein. In Md simulations at low salt concentrations under an electric field; simultaneous binding of two Na + ions to asp113 in the constriction zone of ompF porin was observed in the na + permeation processes, which is consistent with a previous simulation study (a. suenega, Y. Komeiji, M. uebayasi, t. Meguro, M. saito, and I. Yamato, Computational observation of an ion permeation through a channel protein. Bioscience reports 18 (1998) 39-48.) then, we hypothesized that the stability of the two-cation bound states plays an important role in determining the conductance sequence of monovalent cations. Driven by this idea, we estimated the binding affinities of two Li + , na + , and K + ions to asp113 in the bound state by a free energy calculation technique, showing that the affinity decreases with their atomic radii, that is, Li + > na + >> K + . This result is qualitatively consistent with the experimental observation of the protein under the electric field and offers new insights into understanding the ion permeation mechanism of ompF porin.
doi:10.2477/jccj.2014-0040 fatcat:wi7gwrrobve35nrncp44fanktq