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Abdulhamid II; He put forward his commitment and decisiveness of his follow-up, especially with the "commissions" he had set up for a number of exercises that were the manifestation of his management approach. The commissions were essentially a strategic move to narrow the influence area of Bâbâlî as de facto and as a result they took their place in the palace bureaucracy. Abdulhamid II gave privileges to report to the commissions. One of the most important of these commissions was the Teftiş-idoi:10.29228/joh.48547 fatcat:5spo7mzay5ea3g5lfhpqtz5wzy