Shape sensing of miniature snake-like robots using optical fibers

Andreas Schmitz, Alexander J. Thompson, Pierre Berthet-Rayne, Carlo A. Seneci, Piyamate Wisanuvej, Guang-Zhong Yang
2017 2017 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)  
Snake like continuum robots are increasingly used for minimally invasive surgery. Most robotic devices of this sort that have been reported to date are controlled in an open loop manner. Using shape sensing to provide closed loop feedback would allow for more accurate control of the robot's position and, hence, more precise surgery. Fiber Bragg Gratings, magnetic sensors and optical reflectance sensors have all been reported for this purpose but are often limited by their cost, size, stiffness
more » ... r complexity of fabrication. To address this issue, we designed, manufactured and tested a prototype two-link robot with a built-in fiber-optic shape sensor that can deliver and control the position of a CO2-laser fiber for soft tissue ablation. The shape sensing is based on optical reflectance, and the device (which has a 4 mm outer diameter) is fabricated using 3D printing. Here we present proof-ofconcept results demonstrating successful shape sensing -i.e. measurement of the angular displacement of the upper link of the robot relative to the lower link -in real time with a mean measurement error of only 0.7 • .
doi:10.1109/iros.2017.8202259 dblp:conf/iros/SchmitzTBSWY17 fatcat:6jtwficph5e25gbtfagq3jaqbq