UPAYA RESTRUKTURISASI PENGELOLAAN ZAKAT DI INDONESIA

A Khotib
unpublished
Zakat is one of the pillars of Islam. Obligations together with the obligations of prayer, fasting, and pilgrimage. However, the obligation of zakat more dimension than the dimension of social ritual. This more direct understanding for alms in the realm of worship so that the interpretation of the teachings of this charity tends to be rigid and consequences on the management of the target. As a result, the potential zakat to reduce poverty in a country to be neglected. This study explores the
more » ... tudy explores the views that zakat want is not included in the domain of worship, but is within the scope mu'amalah. Therefore, zakat is prescribed for the sake of alleviating poverty in the midst of society-especially the Muslim-majority Indonesia and it was classified as a social relation (mu'amalah). Rule of law in determining the question of worship tend to be closed (‫انعبادة‬ ‫في‬ ‫االصم‬ ‫)انتحزيى‬ whereas the rules in muamalah likely to be open (‫االباحت‬ ‫االشياء‬ ‫في‬ ‫.)االصم‬ If zakat is directed to mu'amalah, then one consequence is, can changing Zakat as well as the size of the content that should be issued in accordance with the benefit in the area and local conditions. By understanding that the charity is not a religious matter, then this matter should not be submitted to the Ministry of Religion, but to the ministry in charge of state finances. Concurrency is zakat to the Ministry of Religion has weaknesses in its practical aspects. Among them, there is an overlap of authority to the Ministry of Finance which was given the task to take care of the revenue and expenditure of the State. MORA also do not have accurate data on poverty in Indonesia so that in this case, the Ministry of Social Affairs should take part in the distribution of zakat
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