BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDES FROM CHICKENS THROMBOCYTES

M. V. Sycheva, A. S. Vasilchenko, E. A. Rogozhin, T. M. Pashkova, L. P. Popova, O. L. Kartashova
2016 Zhurnal mikrobiologii, epidemiologii, i immunobiologii  
Aim. Isolation and study ofbiological activity of antimicrobial peptides from chickens thrombocytes. Materials and methods. Peptides from chickens thrombocytes, obtained by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography method with stepped and linear gradients of concentration increase of the organic solvent were used in the study. Their antimicrobial activity was determined by microtitration method in broth; mechanism of biological effect - by using fluorescent spectroscopy method with
more » ... scopy method with DNA-tropic dyes. Results. Individual fractions of peptides were isolated from chickens thrombocytes, that possess antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus P209 and Escherichia coli K12. A disruption of integrity of barrier structures of microorganisms under the effect of thrombocyte antimicrobial peptides and predominance of cells with damaged membrane in the population of E. coli was established. Conclusion. The data obtained on antimicrobial activity and mechanism of bactericidal effect of the peptide fractions from chickens thrombocytes isolated for the first time expand the understanding of functional properties of chickens thrombocytes and open a perspective for their further study with the aim of use as antimicrobial means.
doi:10.36233/0372-9311-2016-2-24-29 fatcat:yxwqoplma5hpxl2bl5qisomhbu