Epidural Electrical Stimulation Of The Cervical Dorsal Roots Restores Voluntary Arm Control In Paralyzed Monkeys [post]

Marco Capogrosso, Beatrice Barra, Sara Conti, Matthew Perich, Katie Zhuang, Giuseppe Schiavone, Florian Fallegger, Katia Galan, Nicholas James, Quentin Barraud, Maude Delacombaz, Mélanie Kaeser (+5 others)
2021 unpublished
Recovering arm control is a top priority for people with paralysis. Unfortunately, the complexity of the neural mechanisms underlying arm control practically limited the effectiveness of neurotechnology approaches. Here, we exploited the neural function of surviving spinal circuits to restore voluntary arm and hand control in three monkeys with spinal cord injury using spinal cord stimulation. Our neural interface leverages the functional organization of the dorsal roots to convey artificial
more » ... onvey artificial excitation via electrical stimulation to relevant spinal segments at appropriate movement phases. Stimulation bursts, triggered by intracortical signals produced sustained arm movements enabling monkeys with arm paralysis to perform an unconstrained, three-dimensional reach-and-grasp task. Stimulation specifically improved strength, task performances and movement quality. Electrophysiology suggested that artificial recruitment of the sensory afferents was synergistically integrated with spared descending inputs and spinal reflexes to produce coordinated movements. The efficacy and reliability of our approach hold realistic promises of clinical translation.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-395156/v1 fatcat:xkhnnnwb7vajbptyolgvv3baaa