Transcriptome analysis to identify candidate genes associated with the yellow-leaf phenotype of a Cymbidium mutant generated by γ-irradiation

Sang Hoon Kim, Se Won Kim, Gah-Hyun Lim, Jae Il Lyu, Hong-Il Choi, Yeong Deuk Jo, Si-Yong Kang, Byoung-Cheorl Kang, Jin-Baek Kim, Allah Bakhsh
2020 PLoS ONE  
Leaf color is an important agronomic trait in flowering plants, including orchids. However, factors underlying leaf phenotypes in plants remain largely unclear. A mutant displaying yellow leaves was obtained by the γ-ray-based mutagenesis of a Cymbidium orchid and characterized using RNA sequencing. A total of 144,918 unigenes obtained from over 25 million reads were assigned to 22 metabolic pathways in the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database. In addition, gene ontology was used to
more » ... ntology was used to classify the predicted functions of transcripts into 73 functional groups. The RNA sequencing analysis identified 2,267 differentially expressed genes between wild-type and mutant Cymbidium sp. Genes involved in the chlorophyll biosynthesis and degradation, as well as ion transport, were identified and assayed for their expression levels in wild-type and mutant plants using quantitative real-time profiling. No critical expression changes were detected in genes involved in chlorophyll biosynthesis. In contrast, seven genes involved in ion transport, including two metal ion transporters, were down-regulated, and chlorophyllase 2, associated with chlorophyll degradation, was up-regulated. Together, these results suggest that alterations in chlorophyll metabolism and/or ion transport might contribute to leaf color in Cymbidium orchids.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0228078 pmid:31995594 fatcat:rpr5oubewfatdnrvqu7muiapei