Values of Three Different Preoperative Regimens in Comprehensive Treatment For Young Patients with Stage Ib2 Cervical Cancer

Yi-Bing Zhao, Jin-Hua Wang, Xiao-Xiang Chen, Yu-Zhong Wu, Qiang Wu
2012 Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention  
Cervical cancer tends to occur at an early age. Treatment for cervical cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or their combination. The 2-year survival of early cervical cancer after surgery or chemoradiothearpy reaches over 80%. Stage Ib2 cervical cancer, however, is a high-risk early stage cervical cancer with easy recurrence and metastasis. Its 5-year survival is as low as about 50%. Thus how to increase survival and decreases mortality of stage Ib2 cervical cancer is a hot spot
more » ... ancer is a hot spot in genealogical cancer research. Abstract Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and intracavity brachytherapy in comprehensive treatment for young patients with stage Ib2 cervical cancer. Methods: One hundred and twelve young patients with stage Ib2 cervical cancer were enrolled retrospectively in our hospital from January 2003 to June 2005. They were categorized into three groups according to preoperative regimens, including the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group (Group 1, n=38), the neoadjuvant chemotherapy (Group 2, n=49), and the intracavity brachytherapy group (Group 3, n=25). Radical hysterectomy was performed following these regimens. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy were given according to pelvic lymph node metastasis, deep cervical stromal invasion, intravascular cancer emboli, histological grading, vaginal stump and positive surgical margin. Results: The cancer disappearance and superficial muscle invasion rates were statistically significantly better in the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group than in the other two groups (P<0.01). No statistically significant difference was noted in the deep muscle invasion rate, surgical time and intraoperative blood loss among three groups, but significantly more postoperative complications occurred in the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group. The 2-year pelvic recurrence was statistically significantly lower in the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group compared to other two groups, while the 5-year survival was higher. Conclusion: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is efficacious for young patients with stage Ib2 cervical cancer.
doi:10.7314/apjcp.2012.13.4.1487 fatcat:c5u53flsljh6ffiononbn7gfxy