Japanese elderly individuals wish for enteral tube feeding more strongly for their parents than for themselves

Harutaka Yamaguchi, Koj Sato, Keisuke Kawahito, Akiko Miyatake, Keisuke Kondo, Keisuke Inaba, Kaori Inaba, Shingo Kawaminami, Ryo Tabata, Shino Yuasa, Yoshihiro Okura, Atsushi Tuchiya (+2 others)
2019 Journal of Medical Investigation  
[Introduction] The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in the preference of enteral tube feeding between elderly inhabitants of Mugi town, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan, and their parents in various physical conditions. [Methods] This population-based questionnaire survey studied 300 randomly selected participants aged 65-80 years. Respondents were to consider a situation where eating was difficult, and were questioned on their desire for tube feeding, using a visual analogue
more » ... g a visual analogue scale (VAS) ranging from "do not want tube feeding (0)" to "want tube feeding (100)." [Results] Valid responses of 103 (34.4%) participants were analyzed. Under conditions of being "healthy," "bedridden," "with dementia," and "bedridden and with dementia," the median (IQR) of the VAS values for the desire for tube feeding were 31.8 (3.3 to 83.8), 19.3 (2.4 to 52.3), 5.2 (0.7 to 18.9), 4.0 (0.3 to 15.2) for respondents and 55.2 (11.6 to 92.2), 48.7 (5.5 to 85.5), 9.0 (1.2 to 46.8), 5.1 (0.1 to 36.5) for parents, respectively. The VAS values for the parents were significantly higher (p=0.001, 0.002, 0.001, and 0.01, respectively for the four conditions described) for the same items. [Conclusion] Surrogate decisions made by family members often differ from what the patients would have desired. J. Med. Invest. 66 : 258-263, August, 2019.
doi:10.2152/jmi.66.258 pmid:31656285 fatcat:imffdi2vqnhmxbj6meqtaehdya