Relative dynamical degrees of correspondences over a field of arbitrary characteristic

Tuyen Trung Truong
2018 Journal für die Reine und Angewandte Mathematik  
Let {\mathbb{K}} be an algebraically closed field of arbitrary characteristic, X and Y irreducible possibly singular algebraic varieties over {\mathbb{K}} . Let {f:X\vdash X} and {g:Y\vdash Y} be dominant correspondences, and {\pi:X\dashrightarrow Y} a dominant rational map which semi-conjugate f and g, i.e. so that {\pi\circ f=g\circ\pi} . We define relative dynamical degrees {\lambda_{p}(f|\pi)\geq 1} for any {p=0,\dots,\dim(X)-\dim(Y)} . These degrees measure the relative growth of positive
more » ... lgebraic cycles, satisfy a product formula when Y is smooth and g is a multiple of a rational map, and are birational invariants. More generally, a weaker product formula is proven for more general semi-conjugacies, and for any generically finite semi-conjugacy {(\varphi,\psi)} from {\pi_{2}:(X_{2},f_{2})\rightarrow(Y_{2},g_{2})} to {\pi_{1}:(X_{1},f_{1})\rightarrow(Y_{1},g_{1})} we have {\lambda_{p}(f_{1}|\pi_{1})\geq\lambda_{p}(f_{2}|\pi_{2})} for all p. Many of our results are new even when {\mathbb{K}=\mathbb{C}} . Self-correspondences are abundant, even on varieties having not many self rational maps, hence these results can be applied in many situations. In the last section of the paper, we will discuss recent new applications of this to algebraic dynamics, in particular to pullback on l-adic cohomology groups in positive characteristics.
doi:10.1515/crelle-2017-0052 fatcat:4ibrp6h6araklgobdfecmifyjm