The Reinstatement of Returnees in District Swat, Pakistan: An Evaluative Study of the Rehabilitation Initiatives

Muhammad Rafiq, Asan Ali Golam Hassan, Muhammad Saeed
2021 Social Sciences  
This study attempted to develop a happiness index tool for evaluating rehabilitation initiatives used to reinstate returnees at district Swat, Pakistan. The Happiness Index (HI) tool compares two periods, i.e., HI before rehabilitation (BR) and HI after rehabilitation (AR). The returnees' happiness index (RHI) is also compared with Pakistan's Happiness Index to identify the difference. Data for this study were elicited from 382 respondents through a structured survey questionnaire. The results
more » ... how that after rehabilitation (AR), the returnees' happiness index improved from 3.89 to 5.36, which is still less than the world happiness index of Pakistan, i.e., 5.65 in 2019. This study concluded that rehabilitation projects had a significantly positive impact on the HI of the returnees. However, more effective and sustainable initiatives are required to align the RHI to the HI of Pakistan. Further, the RHI tool adopted by this study is significant for measuring the happiness of the marginalized and affected people in Pakistan and beyond.
doi:10.3390/socsci10120476 fatcat:vjt535nvlrcxbiutb4uvvypnky