Requirements engineering for trust management: model, methodology, and reasoning

Paolo Giorgini, Fabio Massacci, John Mylopoulos, Nicola Zannone
2006 International Journal of Information Security  
The last years have seen a number of proposals to incorporate Security Engineering into mainstream Software Requirements Engineering. However, capturing trust and security requirements at an organizational level (as opposed to a design level) is still an open problem. This paper presents a formal framework for modeling and analyzing security and trust requirements. It extends the Tropos methodology, an agent-oriented software engineering methodology. The key intuition is that in modeling
more » ... y and trust, we need to distinguish between the actors that manipulate resources, accomplish goals or execute tasks, and actors that own the resources or the goals. To analyze an organization and its information systems, we proceed in two steps. First, we built a trust model, determining the trust relationships among actors, and then we give a functional model, where we analyze the actual delegations against the trust model, checking whether an actor that offers a service is authorized to have it. The formal framework allows for the automatic verification of security and trust requirements by using a suitable delegation logic that can be mechanized within Datalog. To make the discussion more concrete, we illustrate the proposal with a Health Care case study. keywords : Requirements Engineering for Security and Trust, Agent-Oriented Technologies, Security Engineering, Trust Models for Modeling Business and Organizations This work has been partially funded by the IST programme of the EU Commission, FET under the IST-2001-37004 WASP project and by the FIRB programme of MIUR under the RBNE0195K5 ASTRO Project. We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for useful comments.
doi:10.1007/s10207-006-0005-7 fatcat:fdg55vmvkbahvblgpzfggpjhp4