Solution to the Perturbative Infrared Catastrophe of Hot Gauge Theories

Eric Braaten
1995 Physical Review Letters  
The free energy of a nonabelian gauge theory at high temperature $T$ can be calculated to order $g^5$ using resummed perturbation theory, but the method breaks down at order $g^6$. A new method is developed for calculating the free energy to arbitrarily high accuracy in the high temperature limit. It involves the construction of a sequence of two effective field theories by first integrating out the momentum scale $T$ and then integrating out the momentum scale $g T$. The free energy decomposes
more » ... e energy decomposes into the sum of three terms, corresponding to the momentum scales $T$, $gT$, and $g^2T$. The first term can be calculated as a perturbation series in $g^2(T)$, where $g(T)$ is the running coupling constant. The second term in the free energy can be calculated as a perturbation series in $g(T)$, beginning at order $g^3$. The third term can also be expressed as a series in $g(T)$ beginning at order $g^6$, with coefficients that can be calculated using lattice simulations of 3-dimensional QCD. Leading logarithms of $T/(gT)$ and of $gT/(g^2T)$ can be summed up using renormalization group equations.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.74.2164 pmid:10057859 fatcat:z2z5x57ntjbp7mxadgst5276dq