Information and Communication Technology and Administration of 2015 General Election in Nigeria
Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences
The organization and conduct of free, fair and credible elections had been a perennial problem facing Nigeria since her independence. Political instability, electoral malpractices, post-election violence, arson, killing of political opponents and litigations characterized the polity. Information and communication technology was introduced in election administration in Nigeria to curb excessive electoral fraud to the barest minimum and foster credible elections. A survey research design was
... rch design was adopted to elicit information from the electorates on the performance of INEC in administering the 2015 general elections using biometric card reader and the customized permanent voter card, to ascertain whether the technological devices minimized electoral malpractices and enthroned free, fair, and credible elections in Nigeria. The study also established the challenges INEC faced in administering the elections. The instrument used to glean information from the respondents was questionnaire. Qualitative method of data collection was also used to elicit data from documentary evidence of secondary sources. Quantitative method of analysis was employed. The results of the study revealed that introduction of ICT in administration of 2015 elections in Nigeria minimized electoral fraud; and the result also showed that INEC faced numerous challenges in the elections. The study recommends future use of ICT in election administration in Nigeria to foster systemic stability and political development. 305 the conduct of elections is one of the largest, most costly, most administratively and logistically burdensome operations at a national level that a single country could ever undertake in times of peace. It involves a complex and large-scale set of operations, spanning a multitude of activities including delivery of professional training to thousands of electoral officers and ad hoc or temporary poll workers, designing and delivering voter education, registering voters, regulation of political parties, monitoring political party campaigns, procurement of hundreds of election materials in enormous quantities, developing voting and counting procedures, liaising with stakeholders, dealing with security, and adjudicating electoral disputes (Jega, 2012) .