An Angle Recognition Algorithm for Tracking Moving Targets Using WiFi Signals with Adaptive Spatiotemporal Clustering

Liping Tian, Liangqin Chen, Zhimeng Xu, Zhizhang Chen
2021 Sensors  
An angle estimation algorithm for tracking indoor moving targets with WiFi is proposed. First, phase calibration and static path elimination are proposed and performed on the collected channel state information signals from different antennas. Then, the angle of arrival information is obtained with the joint estimation algorithm of the angle of arrival (AOA) and time of flight (TOF). To deal with the multipath effects, we adopt the DBscan spatiotemporal clustering algorithm with adaptive
more » ... ers. In addition, the time-continuous angle of arrival information is obtained by interpolating and supplementing points to extract the dynamic signal paths better. Finally, the least-squares method is used for linear fitting to obtain the final angle information of a moving target. Experiments are conducted with the tracking data set presented with Tsinghua's Widar 2.0. The results show that the average angle estimation error with the proposed algorithm is smaller than Widar2.0. The average angle error is about 7.18° in the classroom environment, 3.62° in the corridor environment, and 12.16° in the office environment; they are smaller than the errors of the existing system.
doi:10.3390/s22010276 pmid:35009819 pmcid:PMC8749511 fatcat:yupolvq7hjaehjal7sfs73qtgu