Illuminant Chromaticity Estimation via Optimization of RGB Channel Standard Deviation
Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
RGB 채널 표준 편차의 최적화를 통한 광원 색도 추정
정도(DIT, degree of illumiinant tinge)라고 불리는 비용 함수는 광원이 보 정된 영상의 질을 결정하기 위해 제안된다. 표준 광원(d65) 하의 영상이 다른 광원 하의 영상에 비해 더 작은 DIT 값을 가진 다. 본 논문에서 군집단 최적화(PSO, particle swarm optimization) 기반의 집단지성(swarm intelligence)은 DIT를 최소화하기 위해, 주어진 영상의 최적 광원을 찾는데 사용된다. 제안한 방법은 실세계 데이터셋을 통해 평가하였고, 실험 결과는 제안된 방법의 효율성을 입증하였다. Abstract The primary aim of the color constancy algorithm is to estimate illuminant chromaticity. There are various statistical-based, learning-based and combinational-based color constancy
... color constancy algorithms already exist. However, the statistical-based algorithms can only perform well on images that satisfy certain assumptions, learning-based methods are complex methods that require proper preprocessing and training data, and combinational-based methods depend on either pre-determined or dynamically varying weights, which are difficult to determine and prone to error. Therefore, this paper presents a new optimization based illuminant estimation method which is free from complex preprocessing and can estimate the illuminant under different environmental conditions. A strong color cast always has an odd standard deviation value in one of the RGB channels. Based on this observation, a cost function called the degree of illuminant tinge(DIT) is proposed to determine the quality of illuminant color-calibrated images. This DIT is formulated in such a way that the image scene under standard illuminant (d65) has lower DIT value compared to the same scene under different illuminant. Here, a swarm intelligence based particle swarm optimizer(PSO) is used to find the optimum illuminant of the given image that minimizes the degree of illuminant tinge. The proposed method is evaluated using real-world datasets and the experimental results validate the effectiveness of the proposed method.