Identifying Geochemical Anomalies Associated with Gold Mineralization Using Factor Analysis and Spectrum–Area Multifractal Model in Laowan District, Qinling-Dabie Metallogenic Belt, Central China

Ruoyu Wu, Jianli Chen, Jiangnan Zhao, Jinduo Chen, Shouyu Chen
2020 Minerals  
The Laowan deposit is a typical gold deposit in the Qinling-Dabie metallogenic belt, which produces the most gold resources in Central China. After being explored for decades, follow-up exploration requires additional theoretical support. In this study, the factor analysis (FA) and spectrum–area (S–A) multifractal model were used to process multi-element geochemical data from 369 samples collected in the study area for identifying the geochemical anomalies associated with gold mineralization.
more » ... d mineralization. The results showed that: (1) the mean Au content in this region is up to 1000 times higher than the Au background values of the upper crust of the South Qinling unit; (2) the factor analysis revealed that Au, Ag, Cu, As, Sb, and S can be used as direct ore-prospecting criteria; (3) the observed elemental zonation is consistent with the zonation of metallic elements in the magmatic–hydrothermal system. This supports the magmatic–hydrothermal origin of the Laowan deposit; (4) the spectrum–area fractal model can help to decompose the geochemical patterns in a complex geological setting. The decomposed geochemical anomaly map obtained by the S–A multifractal model indicated that highly anomalous areas have a great relationship with the Au occurrence and can be a guidance for further exploration in the study area.
doi:10.3390/min10030229 fatcat:mysypdwngzcpxafkkz2mmexhsu