Optimal Scheduling of Micro Grid for Plug-In Electrical Vehicle
International Journal of Engineering & Technology
Owing to several advantages of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) like less noise, emission less, good efficiency and the reduced cost has attention to the governments, researchers and manufactures in recent time. The Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) plays a vital role in replacement of conventional vehicles in future, because of penetration of renewable energy resources in conventional generation. The modernized of micro grid is happening due to usage of clean energy for EV charging. The cost of
... ectric vehicle charging is challenging issue in the development of plug-in electric vehicle. The coordination between renewable generation and conventional generation is very much needed in near future. The dynamic nature of renewable energy resources causes frequent interrupts in electric vehicle charging. The problem of nonlinear power generation with renewable resources is overcome by electric vehicle battery storage system which enables the EV battery to charge during low demand period and gets discharged into the micro grid during high demand periods. This paper developed an optimal schedule for stationary Plug-in Electric Vehicle charging in operation with micro grid. The obtained optimal schedule provides balance between active and reactive power in generation and load as well. The integration of renewable energy resources is achieved through solar, wind in Vehicle-2-Grid (V2G) approach which is used to safeguard to renewable energy resources by store additional energy produced during peak load period and feeding back to the micro grid during low load period. As a result the stable operation of the micro grid and EV charging with low cost is achieved in this paper.