Prevalence of end stage renal disease in diabetic obese and hypertensive patients and cardiovascular risk in dialysis patients

Muhammad Hanif, Hina Javed, Umair Jallani, Nazar Muhammad Ranjha
2016 Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Research  
Chronic kidney disease(CKD) is the cause of irreversible detoriation of renal function which leads to end stage renal disease(ESRD).incidence of end stage renal disease has increased dramatically during last 30 years and screening for early stages of chronic kidney disease is often suggested as preventive measure.the main cause of end stage renal disease are diabetes, high blood pressure,hyperlipidemia and obesity.obesity and increased BMI are the cause of kidney stone and chronic kidney
more » ... ronic kidney disease.this reports aim to determine the prevalance of end stage renal disease in diabetic obese individuals and other problems that are more likely to be encountered in the end stage renal disease are cardiovascular risks in dialysis patients.GFR and creatinine clearance are used as the major diagnostic tool to determined the kidney function. calcium level is also used as predictive factor to determine the vascular calcification.
doi:10.22200/pjpr.2016142-48 fatcat:6agaxmwzvrbsfk3z56oht6n24i