Exploitation animale à l'Ancien Empire en Égypte : les apports d'Ayn Asil (oasis de Dakhla)

Joséphine Lesur
2015 Anthropozoologica  
The excavation at the Old Kingdom settlement site known as "Ain el Gazzareen in 2007 is the subject of this report. "Ain el Gazzareen is situated towards the western end of the Dakhleh Oasis, in the region of el Mushia. It lies on slightly high ground in area of sand, scrub vegetation, and bedrock. There is cultivation nearby. The site is characterized by the potsherds that lie thickly scattered over the surface, together with stones and animal bone fragments. In many places, mudbrick walls can
more » ... mudbrick walls can be seen on or above the surface, giving a clue as to the nature of the site. During several short seasons in past years, the eastern part of an enclosure was revealed, and included a regular building of five or more rooms [Building Cin heavy outline on Fig 1] , which may or may not be a temple. The site currently is seen as an outpost of the Dakhleh Oasis caravan traffic, originating at "Ain Aseel, and going westward towards Uweinat and perhaps even Kufra Oasis, along a route known as the "Abu Ballas Trail". At "Ain el Gazzareen, quantities of bread were baked and many animals slaughtered for the feeding of the men engaged in the caravans. The evidence is the great quantities of animal bone, large areas of burnt material and ash, many bread moulds, grindstones, etc. The position of the site, towards the south-west part of the oasis is also an important aspect of this consideration. In the 2007 season, the field work was accomplished by the writer, assisted by Mlle C. Beauchamp and Mrs L. Mills, with a small crew of ten local workmen.. Our inspector was Mr. Hani Awadalla Abdel Khalouq. The work began on November 27 th and continued until December 13 th , 2007. Our interests were chiefly concerned with the perimeter wall of the enclosure on the north and west sides. About 1/.3 of this wall, at the east end, had been cleared in past seasons and we now wished to see the remainder. It is interesting that no entrance into the enclosure had been ascertained as yet, although there seem to be no gaps in the structure. Of course, the southern wall should hold the entrance. In which case, we may discover it next season. The heavy external wall of the enclosure is generally five bricks, or 1.75 m, wide. It was doubled in thickness from place to place, although not regularly.
doi:10.5252/az2014n1a3 fatcat:2xoqn63vwrdpjfwgxqvjpbvlhu