Serum Lipoproteins in Striped Bass (Morone saxatilis): Effects of Starvation

R. Bruce MacFarlane, H. Rodger Harvey, Michael J. Bowers, John S. Patton
1990 Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences  
5. Patton. 1990. Serum lipoproteins in striped bass (Morone Withholding food for 4 wk resulted in more extensive alterations within serum lipoprotein classes in striped bass (Morone saxatilis) than were evident in serum total lipids where only a decrease in triglycerides was significant. Total serum lipoprotein concentrations were about 3300 mg/dL in both fed and starved fish; however, high density lipoproteins (HDL) increased and very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) decreased significantly in
more » ... he starved group. Quantitatively, the greatest changes in VLDL, the primary transporter of triglycerides, were declines in triglycerides and cholesterol esters. Within low density lipoproteins, triglycerides and phospholipids decreased. The HDL composition was affected least by starvation. Phospholipids were the dominant lipid in HDL and increased from 479.1 mg/dL in fed to 670.2 mg/dL in starved fish. The apoproteins of each lipoprotein class changed little qualitatively due to starvation. Our results reflect the importance of maintaining high levels of lipoproteins as a transport system for lipids from storage depots to depleted tissues permitting survival during prolonged periods of starvation that are often encountered by fish during colder months and during spawning migrations. Furthermore, during starvation HDL appears to assume increased significance as a vehicle for the transport of structural lipids to maintain tissue integrity.
doi:10.1139/f90-084 fatcat:yhay55jc4ja4zk2lkqm7dt4i7y