UBTOR/KIAA1024 regulates neurite outgrowth and neoplasia through mTOR signaling

Hefei Zhang, Quan Zhang, Ge Gao, Xinjian Wang, Tiantian Wang, Zhitao Kong, Guoxiang Wang, Cuizhen Zhang, Yun Wang, Gang Peng, David J. Kwiatkowski
2018 PLoS Genetics  
The mTOR signaling pathways regulate cell growth and are involved in multiple human diseases. Here, we identify UBTOR, a previously unannotated gene as a functional player in regulating cell growth and mTOR signaling. Reduction of UBTOR function in cultured hippocampal neurons and PC12 cells promotes neurite outgrowth. UBTOR depletion activates mTOR signaling and promotes cell growth, whilst UBTOR overexpression suppresses colony formation in cancer cell lines. Studies in cultured cells and
more » ... tured cells and zebrafish model show that UBTOR inhibits mTOR signaling by stabilizing the mTOR complex component DEPTOR, and ubtor gene disruption result in higher mTOR activity and aggravate HRAS(G12V) induced neoplasia in the zebrafish. Lastly, UBTOR depletion promotes tumor growth and mTOR signaling in a xenograft mouse model. Together, our results demonstrate how UBTOR regulates cell growth and neoplasia via mTOR signaling.
doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1007583 pmid:30080879 fatcat:gnrbq4s77ffjfokgq563o34c3e