Penetration of Moisture, CO2, and Cl Ions in Concrete after Exposure to High Temperature

Totsawat Daungwilailuk, Tatsuya Kitagawa, Phuong Trinh Bui, Yuko Ogawa, Kenji Kawai
2019 Journal of advanced concrete technology  
This study aims to understand how moisture, CO 2 , and chloride ions penetrate usable postfire concrete by using electrical resistivity data. Mortar and concrete specimens with water-to-cement ratios (W/Cs) of 0.35 and 0.45. Polypropylene (PP) fibers were added to the specimens with W/C of 0.35. One surface of each specimen was placed on a hot plate and exposed to 350°C for 15 min. The moisture transfer in the specimens stored at 20°C and 60% relative humidity was assessed by measuring their
more » ... ctrical resistance. Then, the penetration of CO 2 and Cl ions in the mortar specimens was examined. The electrical resistance of the specimen surfaces was found to be greater than that at greater depths, and the unheated specimens were found to have the lowest resistance. This implies that the regions of the specimens heated with and without PP fibers were drier than those of the unheated specimens. In addition, the heated mortar specimens exhibited greater penetration of CO 2 and chloride ions compared to the unheated specimens. Thus, PP fibers and high W/C increased the rate of carbonation and chloride penetration into the mortar specimens after heating.
doi:10.3151/jact.17.1 fatcat:6lekoot4srh4fhdw2iaqbkjtqu