Augmented Reality in Surgery: A Scoping Review

Eleonora Barcali, Ernesto Iadanza, Leonardo Manetti, Piergiorgio Francia, Cosimo Nardi, Leonardo Bocchi
2022 Applied Sciences  
Augmented reality (AR) is an innovative system that enhances the real world by superimposing virtual objects on reality. The aim of this study was to analyze the application of AR in medicine and which of its technical solutions are the most used. We carried out a scoping review of the articles published between 2019 and February 2022. The initial search yielded a total of 2649 articles. After applying filters, removing duplicates and screening, we included 34 articles in our analysis. The
more » ... sis of the articles highlighted that AR has been traditionally and mainly used in orthopedics in addition to maxillofacial surgery and oncology. Regarding the display application in AR, the Microsoft HoloLens Optical Viewer is the most used method. Moreover, for the tracking and registration phases, the marker-based method with a rigid registration remains the most used system. Overall, the results of this study suggested that AR is an innovative technology with numerous advantages, finding applications in several new surgery domains. Considering the available data, it is not possible to clearly identify all the fields of application and the best technologies regarding AR.
doi:10.3390/app12146890 fatcat:zah5wk4em5az3n55m3yziclokm