Multi-channel swept source optical coherence tomography concept based on photonic integrated circuits

Stefan Nevlacsil, Paul Muellner, Alejandro Maese-Novo, Moritz Eggeling, Florian Vogelbacher, Martin Sagmeister, Jochen Kraft, Elisabet Rank, Wolfgang Drexler, Rainer Hainberger
2020 Optics Express  
In this paper, we present a novel concept for a multi-channel swept source optical coherence tomography (OCT) system based on photonic integrated circuits (PICs). At the core of this concept is a low-loss polarization dependent path routing approach allowing for lower excess loss compared to previously shown PIC-based OCT systems, facilitating a parallelization of measurement units. As a proof of concept for the low-loss path routing, a silicon nitride PIC-based single-channel swept source OCT
more » ... l swept source OCT system operating at 840 nm was implemented and used to acquire in-vivo tomograms of a human retina. The fabrication of the PIC was done via CMOS-compatible plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition to allow future monolithic co-integration with photodiodes and read-out electronics. A performance analysis using the results of the implemented photonic building blocks shows a potential tenfold increase of the acquisition speed for a multi-channel system compared to an ideal lossless single-channel system with the same signal-to-noise ratio.
doi:10.1364/oe.404588 pmid:33114932 fatcat:vbboduc26zhd7fixfqerm6aqzm