Transcriptome-wide sites of collided ribosomes reveal principles of translational pausing [article]

Alaaddin Bulak Arpat, Luz Angelica Liechti, Mara De Matos, Rene Dreos, Peggy Janich, David Gatfield
2019 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
Translation initiation is considered overall rate-limiting for protein biosynthesis, whereas the impact of non-uniform ribosomal elongation rates is largely unknown. Using a modified ribosome profiling protocol based on footprints from two closely packed ribosomes (disomes), we have mapped ribosomal collisions transcriptome-wide in mouse liver. We uncover that the stacking of an elongating onto a paused ribosome occurs frequently and scales with translation rate, trapping ~10% of translating
more » ... osomes in the disome state. A distinct class of pause sites, independent of translation rate, is indicative of deterministic pausing signals. Pause sites are associated with specific amino acids, peptide motifs, and with structural features of the nascent polypeptide, suggestive of programmed pausing as a widespread mechanism associated with protein folding. Evolutionary conservation at disome sites and experiments indicate functional relevance of translational pausing. Collectively, our disome profiling approach allows novel, unexpected insights into gene regulation occurring at the step of translation elongation.
doi:10.1101/710061 fatcat:e525gul745dsxg6unw5pjd7x6y