Sustainability Evaluation of Process Planning for Single CNC Machine Tool under the Consideration of Energy-Efficient Control Strategies Using Random Forests
As an important part of industrialized society, manufacturing consumes a large amount of raw materials and energy, which motivates decision-makers to tackle this problem in different manners. Process planning is an important optimization method to realize the object, and energy consumption, carbon emission, or sustainability evaluation is the basis for the optimization stage. Although the evaluation research has drawn a great deal of attention, most of it neglects the influence of state control
... ce of state control of machine tools on the energy consumption of machining processes. To address the above issue, a sustainability evaluation method of process planning for single computer numerical control (CNC) machine tool considering energy-efficient control strategies has been developed. First, four energy-efficient control strategies of CNC machine tools are constructed to reduce their energy consumption. Second, a bi-level energy-efficient decision-making mechanism using random forests is established to select appropriate control strategies for different occasions. Then, three indicators are adopted to evaluate the sustainability of process planning under the consideration of energy-efficient control strategies, i.e., energy consumption, relative delay time, and machining costs. Finally, a pedestal part machined by a 3-axis vertical milling machine tool is used to verify the proposed methods. The results show that the reduction in energy consumption considering energy-efficient control strategies reaches 25%.