Dr. Faizan Ul Haq
2020 Zenodo  
Aim: Fluorosis is an endemic disease that results from the introduction of high levels of fluoride from various sources. Climatic components and dependence on groundwater add to the danger of fluorosis in Multan. Despite this, epidemiological investigations of fluorosis in Multan are not very numerous. Points: (1) Assess the prevalence of dental fluorosis according to age in the examined population. (2) To decide on the extent of the study subjects showing signs of non-skeletal fluorosis (3) To
more » ... al fluorosis (3) To study and reflect on the impact different socio-epidemiological factors in case of dental fluorosis among the examination population in high and ordinary fluoride areas. Technique: Our current research was conducted Nishtar Institute of Dentistry Multan from February 2018 to January 2019. A cross-sectional study was conducted among the occupants of three arbitrarily selected towns. Dental fluorosis was evaluated by the examination of the dean. Non-skeletal appearances were evoked based on clinical highlights. Fluoride levels in drinking water sources were assessed by the ionic electrode strategy. Accurate chi-square and Fisher tests were used to see range distinction, and a P estimate of <0.06 was considered for evidence of notoriety. Results: The prevalence of dental and non-skeletal fluorosis in the study clusters with high and low fluoride was 15.19%, 7.7%, 4.85%, 2.8%, individually. The prevalence of dental fluorosis was basically higher in youth and adolescents compared to adults (P < 0.06). Conclusion: Dental fluorosis is a general medical problem that fundamentally influences the children and youth of Multan. Keywords: Dean's index, fluoride, fluorosis, ion‑electrode method, non‑skeletal fluorosis
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3892295 fatcat:mzzqa6djargyvhiuts4ostzlj4