Increasing the Students' Awareness of Stressed Syllable in Pronouncing English Words

Anggara Jatu Kusumawati
2017 Ahmad Dahlan Journal of English Studies  
This study explores how to increase the students' awareness of stressed syllable in pronouncing English words based on activity-based approach. The approach in this research employs traditional techniques which consist of IPA habituation, drills, and stress marking. The research involved 32 selected sophomore students majoring in English. The research was carried out quantitatively by providing the students with 61 words containing stressed syllable prior and post class treatment in the fom of
more » ... ment in the fom of pre and post test. The findings pinpoint the improvement of students' pronunciation. Given the result of the posttest, it comes to light that all of the students have better pronunciation and better ability for syllable stressing. A. Introduction English pronunciation is such an uphill task to master especially in second language learning. Every English learner is required with correct and accurate pronunciation. In English, stress plays an important role that a wrong placement of stress may change part of speech of that word or lead to misunderstanding. For Indonesian born English laerners, English learners especially Indonesian (whose English acts as a second language), it is highly required that they master correct sounds and pronunciation of the target language in order to be understood by others (Willing in Chongning, 2009). A problem occurs when we primarily speak like our mother tongue. It is in line with Storkel (2003) , since the English learner has a tendency to transfer the rethoric and accent of their mother tongue to the foreign language, they appear to be some problems. Stress is not highly considerable in Indonesian language. Every syllable has relatively the same degree. For example the word per-sa-tu-an. It has four syllables and has no different when it is stressed on the first syllable (PER-sa-tu-an), the second syllable (per-SA-tu-an) or others. Stress in Indonesian does not change both pronunciation and meaning. Unlike Indonesian, stressed syllable in English can change both pronunciation and meaning or part of speech. Take an example of the word 'PREsent' and 'preSENT'. It has different pronunciation and meaning if the stress is put on the first syllable, the pronunciation is /ˈprez.ənt/, otherwise if the stress is put on the second, the pronunciation is /prɪˈzent/. Different stress pattern in both languages affects the speakers' understanding. The more the mother tongue interfere the target language the more the likeness for misunderstanding.
doi:10.26555/adjes.v4i1.6248 fatcat:jq2ovlqklraejkyy7aou2uzfk4