Development of a job stressor scale for nurses caring for patients with intractable neurological diseases

Yukako Ando, Tsuyoshi Kataoka, Hitoshi Okamura, Katsutoshi Tanaka, Toshio Kobayashi
2013 Hiroshima journal of medical sciences  
The purpose of this research is to verify the reliability and validity of a job stressor scale for nurses caring for patients with intractable neurological diseases. A mail survey was conducted using a self-report questionnaire. The subjects were 263 nurses and assistant nurses working in wards specializing in intractable neurological diseases. The response rate was 71.9% (valid response rate, 66.2%). With regard to reliability, internal consistency and stability were assessed. Internal
more » ... ncy was examined via Cronbach's alpha. For stability, the test-retest method was performed and stability was examined via intraclass correlation coefficients. With regard to validity, factor validity, criterion-related validity, and content validity were assessed. Exploratory factor analysis was used for factor validity. For criterion-related validity, an existing scale was used as an external criterion; concurrent validity was examined via Spearman's rank correlation coefficients. As a result of analysis, there were 26 items in the scale created with an eight factor structure. Cronbach's a for the 26 items was 0.90; with the exception of two factors, alpha for all of the individual sub-factors was high at 0.7 or higher. The intraclass correlation coefficient for the 26 items was 0.89 (p < 0.001). With regard to criterion-related validity, concurrent validity was confirmed and the correlation coefficient with an external criterion was 0.73 (p < 0.001). For content validity, subjects who responded that "The questionnaire represents a stressor well or to a degree" accounted for 81% of the total responses. Reliability and validity were confirmed, so the scale created in the current research is a usable scale.
pmid:24597209 fatcat:xtpw37ra4zeslhdfpielip4ree