The antibiotic prophylaxis algorithm for open hand injuries in children. Experimental study
Vestnik of Experimental and Clinical Surgery
Relevance. The rapid development of new technologies in surgery has opened up broad horizons for the implementation of complex surgical interventions. At the same time, the duration of operations was reduced, the invasiveness decreased, and broad operational approaches began to go into the past. However, the infectious process in the area of operative action remains an acute problem of surgery today. Infections of the surgical area (OSIW) are infections that develop within 30 days after surgery
... days after surgery or within a year after installing the prosthesis (heart valves, blood vessels or joint).Aim. Develop an algorithm for perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis for open tubular fractures based on experimental research.Methods. An experimental study was conducted on 60 adult guinea pigs, which created a model of an open femur fracture. All animals were divided into 3 groups depending on the timing of the introduction of antibacterial drugs. The degree of local manifestations was assessed according to the developed scale from 0 to 2 points, where 0 is the total absence of inflammatory manifestations, and 2 points is their maximum manifestation. The signs of inflammation were also evaluated in the general clinical blood test.Results. During the experiment it was revealed that the introduction of antibacterial drugs for open fractures of tubular bones is necessary for prophylactic purposes. An increase in the timing of the introduction of antibiotics to three days or more is not rational, since there are no significant differences compared with a shorter course of antibiotic prophylaxis. Conclusions. Experimental perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis (PAP) on the model of an open fracture of the tubular bone indicated the possibility of introducing the PAP algorithm for open hand injuries in children.