Theoretical Analysis of Radiative Effects on Transient Free Convection Heat Transfer past a Hot Vertical Surface in Porous Media
Nonlinear Analysis: Modelling and Control
The purpose of the present investigation deals with the unsteady free convective flow of a viscous incompressible gray, absorbing-emitting but non-scattering, optically-thick fluid occupying a semi-infinite porous regime adjacent to an infinite moving hot vertical plate with constant velocity. We employ a Darcian viscous flow model for the porous medium. The momentum and thermal boundary layer equations are non-dimensionalized using appropriate transformations and then solved subject to
... subject to physically realistic boundary conditions using the Laplace transform technique. Thermal radiation effects are simulated via a radiation-conduction parameter, Kr, based on the Rosseland diffusion approximation. The influence of Grashof (free convection) number, radiation-conduction parameter (Kr), inverse permeability parameter (Kp) and dimensionless time (t) are studied graphically. We observe that increasing thermal radiation parameter causes a noticeable increase in the flow velocity, u. Temperature, θ, is significantly increased within the boundary layer with a rise in Kr since the latter represents the relative contribution of thermal radiation heat transfer to thermal conduction heat transfer. Increased radiation therefore augments heat transfer, heats the fluid and increases the thickness of the momentum and thermal boundary layers. Velocity is found to decrease with an increase in Kp (inverse permeability parameter) as are shear stress function ( ∂u/∂y | y=0) magnitudes owing to greater resistance of the porous medium for lower permeabilities, which decelerate the flow. An increase in Kr however boosts the shear stress function magnitudes i.e. serves to accelerate the flow. Temperature gradient, ∂θ/∂y | y=0 is also positively affected by an increase in thermal radiation (Kr) and with time. The present study has applications in geological convection, forest fire propagation, glass heat treatment processes at high temperature, metallurgical processing etc.