LEADING ART SCHOOLS IN THE HISTORY OF DOMESTIC ART EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT (SECOND HALF OF THE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURY)
Humanities science current issues
Print), ISSN 2308-4863 (Online) Boichenko M., Nykyforov A. Leading art schools in the history of domestic art education ... UDC 377/378.09:74/75 (477)"18/193" Maryna BOICHENKO, orсid.org/0000-0002-0543-8832 The article considers the ways of the leading art schools formation in Ukraine in the second half of the XIX -early XX century. The purpose of the study is to analyze the origins and organizational-pedagogical peculiarities of creation of drawing schools in the largest cities of Ukraine in
... ies of Ukraine in the period under study: Kyiv, Kharkiv, Odesa, Lviv. The territorial and geographical location of the regional centers, in each of which an art education institution was opened, is shown, namely: − in Central Ukraine (in Kyiv); − in the territory of the North-East of Ukraine (in Kharkiv); − in the Southern lands of Ukraine (in Odessa); − in the West of Ukraine (in Lviv). Prerequisites for the formation and development of professional art education in Ukraine in the second half of the XIX century were revealed: intensification of artistic life in Ukraine during the period under study, intensive growth of production in the country, the urgent need for art and art education, society's demands for training highly qualified specialists: artists, sculptors, engravers and architects and other professionals in the field of art. It is established that the second half of the XIX century is characterized by creation of provincial art schools (Odessa Art School (1865), Kyiv Private Drawing School of M. Murashko (1875), Lviv General School of Drawing and Modeling (1877), Kharkiv Private Drawing School of M. Raievska-Ivanova (1869) ), from which centers of art education in the country had crystallized. The emergence of these provincial art schools was due to preservation of the independence of the national tradition and the desire to reveal the identity of Ukrainian fine and decorative arts (Lviv and Kharkiv schools) in the European context. It is concluded that the need for professional artistic staff led to a shift in the system of special art education in Ukraine in the second half of the XIX century.