Beyond Education: The Role of Research Universities in Innovation Ecosystems

Paola Rucker Schaeffer, Bruno Fischer, Sergio Queiroz
2018 Foresight and STI Governance  
U niversities are increasingly perceived as agents involved in regional development. It is now recognized that academic contributions to the socioeconomic environment go well beyond scientific investigation and teaching activities, and incorporate market-oriented initiatives to the academic mission. However, these effects are geographically bounded. Given these conditions, this article aims at addressing universities' impacts upon output vectors of localized innovation ecosystems. Using data
more » ... tems. Using data from cities and microregions in the state of São Paulo, Brazil observed throughout the period of 2002-2014, we address universities' effects upon the locallevel generation of patents and utility models, software production and emergence of knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship. Besides the scant available evidence on innovation ecosystems located outside developed economies, dealing with a developing country also means we are addressing an analytical unit in which universities play a critical role in terms of knowledge production and
doi:10.17323/2500-2597.2018.2.50.61 fatcat:wrwsijcftbc4pgd4ptbdmcq24a