Secure and Efficient Data Accessibility in Blockchain Based Healthcare Systems
2018 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM)
The success of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies bring enormous interest to blockchains. A blockchain system implements a tamper-evident ledger for recording transactions that modify some global states. The system captures entire evolution history of the states. The management of that history, also known as data provenance or lineage, has been studied extensively in database systems. However, querying data history in existing blockchains can only be done by replaying all transactions. This
... oach is applicable to large-scale, offline analysis, but is not suitable for online transaction processing. We present LineageChain, a fine-grained, secure and efficient provenance system for blockchains. LineageChain exposes provenance information to smart contracts via simple and elegant interfaces, thereby enabling a new class of blockchain applications whose execution logics depend on provenance information at runtime. LineageChain captures provenance during contract execution, and efficiently stores it in a Merkle tree. LineageChain provides a novel skip list index designed for supporting efficient provenance query processing. We have implemented LineageChain on top of Hyperledger and a blockchain-optimized storage system called ForkBase. Our extensive evaluation of LineageChain demonstrates its benefits to the new class of blockchain applications, its efficient query, and its small storage overhead.