A Logic Programming Approach to Aspect Extraction in Opinion Mining

Qian Liu, Zhiqiang Gao, Bing Liu, Yuanlin Zhang
2013 2013 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Joint Conferences on Web Intelligence (WI) and Intelligent Agent Technologies (IAT)  
Aspect extraction aims to extract fine-grained opinion targets from opinion texts. Recent work has shown that the syntactical approach performs well. In this paper, we show that Logic Programming, particularly Answer Set Programming (ASP), can be used to elegantly and efficiently implement the key components of syntax based aspect extraction. Specifically, the well known double propagation (DP) method is implemented using 8 ASP rules that naturally model all key ideas in the DP method. Our
more » ... iment on a widely used data set also shows that the ASP implementation is much faster than a Java-based implementation. Syntactical approach has its limitation too. To further improve the performance of syntactical approach, we identify a set of general words from WordNet that have little chance to be an aspect and prune them when extracting aspects. The concept of general words and their pruning are concisely captured by 10 new ASP rules, and a natural extension of the 8 rules for the original DP method. Experimental results show a major improvement in precision with almost no drop in recall compared with those reported in the existing work on a typical benchmark data set. Logic Programming provides a convenient and effective tool to encode and thus test knowledge needed to improve the aspect extraction methods so that the researchers can focus on the identification and discovery of new knowledge to improve aspect extraction.
doi:10.1109/wi-iat.2013.40 dblp:conf/webi/LiuGLZ13 fatcat:3b2fypb6tbf63d6vzi5pxsk24e