Stakeholder Recommendations to Refine the Fitness-to-Drive Screening Measure

Sherrilene Classen, Sandra M. Winter, Craig A. Velozo, Elizabeth M. Hannold, Jason Rogers
2013 Open Journal of Occupational Therapy  
In developing the web-based Fitness-to-Drive Screening Measure (FTDS) and keyform (results output) for use to identify at-risk older drivers, we examined the needs, perspectives, and suggestions of three stakeholders groups: occupational therapy practitioners, certified driver rehabilitation specialists (CDRSs), and family members/caregivers. We conducted three focus groups, which were moderated, recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using directed content analysis. Respondents in two focus
more » ... in two focus groups also rated FTDS aspects (e.g., ease of use, format, and relevance), using a visual analog scale (VAS, 0-10 scale with 10 being excellent). All three stakeholder groups contributed to the development of the web-based FTDS. Results from occupational therapy practitioners addressed face validity, appearance, wording, and usability; CDRSs informed follow-up recommendations; and family members/caregivers provided keyform feedback. High VAS ratings (> 7 on 1-10 scale) from the CDRSs (8.4, SD+0.8) and family members/caregivers (9.01, SD+1.02) indicated FTDS acceptability. Overall, our findings support the measure's utility and acceptability among these users. As such, the FTDS may position family members/caregivers to identify at-risk older drivers, facilitate targeted discussions of driving difficulty among occupational therapists and their clients, and afford OT-CDRS an entry point for intervention and clinical decision making.
doi:10.15453/2168-6408.1054 fatcat:zxdymcgtzzaxjaz7fwujd46xsa